Steps for Preparedness
The following information is not intended to be a comprehensive guideline for hurricane preparedness but rather a brief outline of steps you should take in advance of a hurricane threat to the low country.
In advance of a hurricane threat to the low country, the following steps are recommended:
Know your hurricane risk. Talk to your local emergency management agency.
Make an emergency plan:
Sign up for alerts and warnings
Make a Family Communication plan
Plan shelter options
Know your evacuation route
Build or restock your basic disaster supplies kit, including food and water, a flashlight, batteries, chargers, cash, and first aid supplies.
Familiarize yourself with local emergency plans. Know where to go and how to get there should you need to get to higher ground or to evacuate.
Stay tuned to local wireless emergency alerts, TV, or radio for weather updates, emergency instructions, or evacuation orders.
Hurricane winds can cause trees and branches to fall, so before hurricane season trim or remove damaged trees and limbs to keep you and your property safe.
When the National Weather Service issues a hurricane watch or warning alert for your area, take the following steps:
Know where to go. If you are ordered to evacuate, know the local hurricane evacuation route(s) to take and have a plan for where you can stay. Contact your local emergency management agency for more information.
Put together a go-bag: disaster supply kit, including a flashlight, batteries, cash, first aid supplies, medications, and copies of your critical information if you need to evacuate.
If you are not in an area that is advised to evacuate and you decide to stay in your home, plan for adequate supplies in case you lose power and water for several days and you are not able to leave due to flooding or blocked roads.
Make a family emergency communication plan.
Many communities have text or email alerting systems for emergency notifications. To find out what alerts are available in your area, search the Internet with your town, city, or county name and the word “alerts.”
Secure loose rain gutters and downspouts and clear any clogged areas or debris to prevent water damage to your property.
Reduce property damage by retrofitting to secure and reinforce the roof, windows and doors, including the garage doors.
If a hurricane watch (conditions possible within the next 48 hours) is issued for your area, the following steps are recommended:
Review your evacuation route(s) & listen to local officials.
Review the items in your disaster supply kit; and add items to meet the household needs for children, parents, individuals with disabilities or other access and functional needs or pets.
If a hurricane warning (conditions are expected within 36 hrs.) is issued for your area, the following steps are recommended:
Follow evacuation orders from local officials, if given. Evacuation orders are mandatory.
Check-in with family and friends by texting or using sowcial media.
What to do when a hurricane is 18-36 hours from arriving:
Bookmark your city or county website for quick access to storm updates and emergency instructions.
Bring loose, lightweight objects inside that could become projectiles in high winds (e.g., patio furniture, garbage cans); anchor objects that would be unsafe to bring inside (e.g., propane tanks); and trim or remove trees close enough to fall on the building.
Coverall of your home’s windows. Permanent storm shutters offer the best protection for windows. A second option is to board up windows with 5/8” exterior grade or marine plywood, cut to fit and ready to install.
What to do when a hurricane is 36 hours from arriving:
Turn on your TV or radio to get the latest weather updates and emergency instructions.
Build or restock your emergency preparedness kit. Include food and water sufficient for at least three days, medications, a flashlight, batteries, cash, and first aid supplies.
Plan how to communicate with family members if you lose power. For example, you can call, text, email or use social media. Remember that during disasters, sending text messages is usually reliable and faster than making phone calls because phone lines are often overloaded.
Review your evacuation plan with your family. You may have to leave quickly so plan ahead.
Keep your car in good working condition, and keep the gas tank full; stock your vehicle with emergency supplies and a change of clothes
When a hurricane is 6 hours from arriving, the following steps are recommended:
If you’re not in an area that is recommended for evacuation, plan to stay at home or where you are and let friends and family know where you are.
Close storm shutters, and stay away from windows. Flying glass from broken windows could injure you.
Turn your refrigerator or freezer to the coldest setting and open only when necessary. If you lose power, food will last longer. Keep a thermometer in the refrigerator to be able to check the food temperature when the power is restored.
Turn on your TV/radio, or check your city/county website every 30 minutes in order to get the latest weather updates and emergency instructions.
What to do when a hurricane is 6-18 hours from arriving:
Turn on your TV/radio, or check your city/county website every 30 minutes to get the latest weather updates and emergency instructions.
Charge your cell phone now so you will have a full battery in case you lose power.
After a Hurricane
Listen to local officials for updates and instructions. You will not be able to return to your home until local officials have given the all clear for re-entry.
Check-in with family and friends by texting or using social media.
Return home only when authorities indicate it is safe.
Watch out for debris and downed power lines.
Avoid walking or driving through flood waters. Just 6 inches of moving water can knock you down, and one foot of fast-moving water can sweep your vehicle away.
Avoid flood water as it may be electrically charged from underground or downed power lines and may hide dangerous debris or places where the ground is washed away.
Photograph the damage to your property to assist in filing an insurance claim.
Do what you can to prevent further damage to your property, (e.g., putting a tarp on a damaged roof), as insurance may not cover additional damage that occurs after the storm.
For more comprehensive guidance, go to http://www.ready.gov/america.